History and importance of Waqrapukara

Waqrapukara is a new tourist attraction that remains almost unknown until today. The tour is suitable for those seeking a spirituality that drowns in the sea of ​​commercial tours. Waqrapukara is a pre-Inca archaeological complex located in the province of Acomayo within the region of Cusco, near the Apurimac River. The main building is located on platforms, squares and a so-called “Stone Forest”. From its height of 4,140 m.a.s.l., it offers spectacular views of the Apurimac River and the Andes.

Its name comes from Quechua, “waqra” means horn, while “pukara” means strength. Therefore, the meaning of the name is translated as a “fortress with horns” given by its typical form. However, the locals also called it “Llamapukara”, since they claim that the shape does not represent horns, but ears of a lama.

It was built by the pre-Inca Qanchis culture in the period called “Auqaruna” (1,500 BC – 1,000 BC). During this period, the complex was a city called “Llaqta Pukara” and headquarters of a leader of the qanquis. It also served as an astronomical observatory and sanctuary of the god “Teqci Pachakamaq Wiraqocha” (a creator of all created things). Later, it was conquered by the Incas, who have molded the constructions to geography during the reign of Wayna Qhapaq. Then it became a first-class Inca sanctuary that symbolizes an immense political and religious power that has not yet been baffled. In 2017, the complex was declared Cultural Heritage of the Nation by the Ministry of Culture of Peru.

Waqrapukara Archaeological Complex. Cultural Heritage of the Nation of 2017.

It was built by the Qinchas and then conquered by the Incas. The building is located on platforms, squares and a stone forest, it would be an Inca sanctuary. Waqrapukara has a privileged view of the Apurimac River.

 

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