The llaqta (city) of Machupicchu is an Inka political, religious and administrative center, which includes temples, platforms, houses and water channels.
Where it is located?
The llaqta of Machupicchu is located in the district of Machupicchu, province of Urubamba, of the Cusco region, at the height of km. 112.5 of the railway line and it was a graben between the mountains of Machupicchu and Waynapicchu.
History and architecture
Built during the first half of the fifteenth century, Machupicchu is divided into two large areas: the agricultural one that comprises a vast network of artificial terraces or terraces, and the urban one formed by various constructions and squares among which the temples of the Sun, of the Three Windows, of the condor and the main temple.
– The Historic Sanctuary – Machupicchu National Archaeological Park was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List as a mixed cultural and natural heritage, due to its exceptional universal value, considered as an important political, religious and administrative center of the Inca era.
– Its temperature ranges between 6.2 ° C 29.5 ° C, since it is located in a subtropical zone. Its rainiest months are from November to March.
– Its majestic architecture comprises about 140 structures throughout the Inka llaqta.
– The average altitude of the llaqta is 2 450 m.a.s.l.
– His scientific discovery is attributed to the researcher Hiram Bingham, who was in search of the last capital of the Incas of Vilcabamba.
– Machupicchu was declared “Historic Sanctuary of Peru” in 1981.
Machupicchu means old mountain, named for the location of the llaqta inka.
The architectural complex was built in the mid-fifteenth century and according to historians it would have been built at the request of the Pachakuteq inka.
The exact location is in the Machupicchu Pueblo district, province of Urubamba, 112.5 km northeast of the city of Cusco.
Machupicchu was interconnected with the entire Inka empire through the Qhapaq Ñan, known as the Inka Road Network.
Its annual temperature is 6.2º C minimum and maximum of 29.5º C.
The llaqta of Machupicchu has two defined zones: agricultural zone formed by the platforms and terraces, and the urban zone that fulfilled administrative functions.
The average altitude of the llaqta is 2,450 meters above sea level.
The mountains of Waynapicchu and Machupicchu are ideal for panoramic photographs of the entire archaeological complex.
Due to the growing flow of tourists who wish to visit the Machu Picchu Inka Llaqta and to ensure that their experience is memorable, it is recommended to organize the visit well in advance, for which the following should be taken into account:
• Buy tickets to enter Machupicchu in advance, for limited daily capacity, check availability at http://www.machupicchu.gob.pe (only official page).
• In case you cannot make your purchase through the website you can make it in person at the ticket offices of the Deconcentrated Directorate of Culture Cusco – DDC, located at Calle Maruri N ° 340 (Palacio Kusicancha) and Calle Garcilaso s / n (side of the Regional Historical Museum) from Monday to Saturday between 07:00 – 19:30 hours (does not attend holidays). The sale of admission tickets is subject to availability.
• The Decentralized Directorate of Culture in Machupicchu Pueblo is the last point of sale, so a last minute purchase will mean subject to the availability of remaining spaces in the system, also the payment is only in soles and cash. Credit cards, debit cards or payment in dollars are not accepted.
• The purchase of a student ticket is in person or through a travel agency prior to the presentation or remission of a valid student card. ISIC card is not accepted.
• Entry to SHM – PANM is from the time indicated on the ticket, so early admission is not allowed.
• Bring printed the entrance ticket to Machupicchu.
• Before entering the llaka inka make use of the hygienic services, since the visit will last an average of 2 to 4 hours (There are no hygienic services within the llaqta).
• Re-entry is only allowed for visitors who have a visit to the mountains of Machupicchu and Waynapicchu, and entrance tickets for the mountains can be purchased in advance through the website http://www.machupicchu.gob.pe, they are also subject to availability, taking into account that the maximum allowed entry capacity is 400 visitors per day for each mountain, divided into two groups of 200 visitors per shift.