Moray is Quechua word and names a territorial sector occupied since time immemorial by the peasant communities of Mullak’as and Misminay.
The archaeological group of Moray was recognized by the expedition Shirppe Johnson’s in the year 1932, while flying over the area. The circular units of Moray are formed by platforms in the manner of concentric rings. Each circle includes a terrace that overlaps another, forming circles that expand. You can access from one to another by climbing outgoing stones, stuck in the wall.
According to the historian Edward Ranney, the Incas used the terraces of Moray that are isolated from the large settlements, as a place for special agriculture, perhaps for the development of their most precious crop: the coca leaf.
John Earls, for his part, claims to have discovered vertical stones on the terraces, the same ones that would mark the limits of the shadows of dusk during the equinoxes and solstices. The local people call these stones “ñustas”. Earls concludes that each terrace in Moray reproduces the climatic conditions of different ecological zones of the Inca empire.
Due to its sheltered position, each of these platforms represents approximately one thousand meters of altitude under normal farming conditions. In its entirety, the complex would contain twenty or more miniature ecological zones. The site of Moray could also serve the Inca officers to calculate the annual production in different parts of the immense Tahuantinsuyo.
Even, it is known that the Incas produced in the terraces of Moray sixty percent of vegetable species, three thousand varieties of potatoes, corn, and many other species. In addition, it was an important center for the domestication, acclimatization and hybridization of wild species, which were adapted for human consumption.
Moray lends itself to many scientific controversies due to the fact that no serious investigations have been continued in this regard. The structures found here are typically Inca; although, some authors suggest that these are recent. One of the enigmas is the way how the water from the drain that flows through the aqueducts is worked; it is said that there must be underground channels built to allow water to flow. It is also said that being on top of a very porous natural stone formation enables the filtration of water, into the interior of the earth.
Between the months of September and October, hundreds of residents of the neighboring communities attend Moray’s circular platforms to celebrate the Moray Raymi or Fiesta del Sol. The festivities include folkloric dances related to the land, products and agricultural work.
At 38 Kms northwest of Cusco and 7 Kms southwest of Maras, is the town of Moray. It is possible to arrive by car through the road that leaves the town.